Wednesday, May 20, 2020

The Ethics Of Computer Ethics Essay - 978 Words

Computer Ethics â€Å"Computer ethics is a branch of applied ethics that considers ethical issues raised or significantly amplified by computer technology.† Moor (2006). Its been stated in several works that computers give people power, which means people have the choice to use this wisely and ethically. While society has benefited from this â€Å"power†, there are still ethical concerns that need attention such as privacy of data, security, reliability of data, intellectual property, and accessibility. Mark D. Bowles, Deborah G. Johnson, and H. Lodewyckx all have given their points of view on this wide spread topic, that all seem to have a common ground when it comes to the basic concerns of ethics in computing. In the first chapter of Introduction to digital literacy Bowles highlights five most common ethical issues related to the emergence of computers in society. He states that even though computers were a type of power that they should not be treated any differentl y from any other technology. With the five issues that he lists, he gives a short explanation of each. In the article Ethics Online by Deborah G Johnson, she breaks down special characteristics of communication in networks describing the benefits and ethical concerns of each. Johnson also states that with technology emerging so fast the law and technological systems will not be able to control human behavior, which she claims the major problem to be. She thinks that the only hope for society is for the individualsShow MoreRelatedComputer Ethics : Code Of Ethic1873 Words   |  8 Pages Computer Ethics Whitney Nelson Hampton University Introduction Philosophy and computers do not seen like they would have much relevance to each other but in actuality they coincide with one another through ethics. Ethics are the general principles that outlines the basic standard of what is right and what is wrong. They are the moral philosophy that people live and abide by in their everyday lives. Computer ethics are a more specific realm of ethics. They are theRead MoreComputers and Ethics1540 Words   |  7 PagesSocial Networking Danielle Morris Professor Virginia Booth INF 103: Computer Literacy April 16, 2014 Communication is an inevitable occurrence in life and is vital to building and maintaining relationships. Individuals typically interact with family, friends, and colleagues regularly. Previously, landline phones and postal mail were popular methods of communication that individuals and businesses relied on. These venues were used to relay information, engage in transactions, and keep inRead MoreThe Problem Of Computer Ethics951 Words   |  4 Pagesdiscussed about the difference between the computers from other technologies and how this difference makes a difference in ethical considerations. The concerns listed by the author are related to software, hardware, networks connecting computers and computers themselves. The main problem in computer ethics occurs because of policy vacuum about how computer technology should be used. Social and personal policies play an important role in ethical use of computer technology. Conceptual vacuum adds to policyRead MoreComputers and Ethics in the Workplace1919 Words   |  8 PagesComputers and Ethics in the Workplace Executive Summary This paper discusses issues with ethics that have derived in the workplace as a result of the use of business computers. The definition of computer ethics is simple; they are a set of moral principles that intend to help with the regulation of the use of computers. Some common problems with computer ethics consist of privacy concerns, intellectual property rights, and the way computers have an effect on people. In other words, computer ethicsRead More Computer Ethics Essay895 Words   |  4 Pagesabout 62 percent of the American population had at least one home computer. Another statistic is that about 55% of people also have internet on there home computers. In everyday life it is important for a person to have good ethics; this is also true about computer usage. Due to the fact that more then half of the American population owns computers, computer ethics are a growing concern in a rapidly changing society. Computer ethics can be broken down in to many topics including piracy, hacking,Read More Computer Ethics Essay1361 Words   |  6 PagesComputer Ethics A Ten Commandments of Computer Ethics (see Appendix A) was first presented by Dr. Ramon C. Barquins in his paper for the Computer Ethics Institute of the Brookings Institution entitled, In Pursuit of a Ten Commandments for Computer Ethics in May of 1992. Computer ethics is about principles related to behavior and decisions made by computer professionals and users, including software engineers, operators, managers, policy makers, as well as educators and students. This meansRead MoreThe Ethics Of Computers With Ai1093 Words   |  5 Pagesand vacuuming to advanced tasks like self-driving vehicles. Many of these robots are given artificial intelligence (AI). Development of AI has recently become a major topic among philosophers and engineers. One major concern is the ethics of computers with AI. Robot ethics (roboethics) is an area of study about rules that should be created to ensure that robots behave ethically. Humans are morally obligated to ensure that machines with artificial intelligence behave ethically. In the 1940s, science-fictionRead MoreComputer Engineering Ethics4002 Words   |  17 Pagesways of credentialing a person to practice computer engineering ï‚ · Describe issues that contrast risk issues with safety issues ï‚ · Identify some issues in computer engineering that address privacy ï‚ · Describe whistle blowing and the conflicts between ethics and practice that may result from doing so ï‚ · Describe how computer engineering uses or benefits from social and professional issues. 2.2 Reasons for Studying Social and Professional Issues Computers have a central and growing role in commerceRead MoreInformation Systems : Computer Ethics1525 Words   |  7 Pages COMPUTER ETHICS Submitted by Lakshmi Gajjarapu Student id: 665584 Global Id: gajja1l Email:gajja1l@cmich.edu INTRODUCTION: As the use of Computers have increased now-a-days with improvements in the technology which brings both advantages and disadvantages. Advantages comes with technological developments and disadvantages are like frauds happening using technology. These frauds using technology are called â€Å"Cyber-attacks† where intruders or hackers break into others computers withoutRead MoreComputer Hackers and Ethics Essay1582 Words   |  7 Pagesdisruptive behavior using a computer. The subject of hacking is no secret to the general public. Many people have been exposed to it by a bad experience or through the news and media. The idea of hacking that is stuck in the minds of people is that of which they have seen in the movies. The movies portray hackers as young and devious criminals. However, in reality these individuals are, talented people who use their abilities to find new and challenging ways to change how computers work. According to the

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Ford Motor Company Changed The Auto World - 1721 Words

â€Å"Be ready to revise any system, scrap any method, abandon any theory, if the success of the job requires it.† This is a quote from the famous innovator Henry Ford. Throughout the history of mankind, many individuals changed the world that we see today. One man helped shape the modern world that we live in today. That man’s name is Henry Ford. The Ford Motor Company has been in business for 109 years, and throughout that time, Ford changed the automotive industry forever. Ford introduced the Model T, and that was just the beginning of how the Ford Motor Company changed the auto world. If you look back at the early life of Ford, you can see how the failure of his first automobile company led to the success of his second business, The Ford†¦show more content†¦While he was not at work he would spend most his free time in his shed working on different inventions. The one that he worked on the most was his first horseless carriage the â€Å"quadracycle.† It was just a single person vehicle that he built using bicycle parts. Just a frame, 4 bike tires, and a small engine. This invention led to financial support from investors where he made his first company. The Detroit Automobile Company, but it didn’t last long because the investors didn’t get their money back fast enough. With the company failing he left it to the investors and he then started what we all know as The Ford Motor Company in 1903. â€Å"The first Ford vehicle was the model A. The process to two or three workers an entire day to build the vehicle with parts that were made from other manufactures. Ford thought that this process was entirely too long. This is when he finally brought the assembly line and mass production into the automobile industry. In 1908 Ford created the Model T, the first affordable vehicle for the working class family, and the first vehicle to be built using mass production and the assembly line. Ford’s vehicles took entirely to long from start to finish. â€Å"In 1913, Ford installs the first moving assembly line for the mass production of an entire automobile. His innovation reduced the time it took to build a car from more than 12 hours to two hours and 30 minutes.† When the process of building aShow MoreRelatedMarketing Project : Ford Motor Company1489 Words   |  6 PagesThe Ford Motor Company enlivened an assembling transformation with its large scale manufacturing sequential construction systems in the early 1900 s. Ford is one of world s most surely understood car brands, consumer’s top choices were vehicles like the Ford Mustang, and F-Series tucks. Ford Co. is known as one of the biggest auto organizations on the planet. Company Description Ford works as an auto and portability organization around the world. Ford’s main core business incorporates Ford hasRead MoreEssay about The One Ford Mission 935 Words   |  4 PagesFord Motor Company has definitely seen its ups and downs over the past few decades. Although the company experienced a dramatic downturn during the auto industry crisis in recent years, they were the only American automaker that did not ask for a government bailout to keep afloat (The New York Times Company, 2011). This ultimately gave Ford Motor Company a great advantage over other automakers because it led to new customers and a better reputation. With that being said, without proper training forRead MoreThe Ford Motor Company s Star Child Essay1639 Words   |  7 PagesIn 1903, Henry Ford did not know he was about to revolutionize the automobile world when he opened the Ford Motor Company in the suburb of Dearborn Michigan. After opening Ford Motor Company, Henry Ford saw several ways to impr ove the auto industry through a series of inventions and visions. In 1903 cars were a luxury item, and only the rich and well-off were able to afford them. Henry Ford had a different vision, he saw the potential that the automobile market held, if, he could create an automobileRead MoreSwot of Gm1431 Words   |  6 PagesSWOT Analysis of General Motors Darien Connor MG352 10/03/2010 General Motors can trace it’s begins to 1908 the world largest automaker employing over 200K people in 157 countries. GM and its strategic partners produce cars and trucks in 31 countries, and sell and service these vehicles through the following brands: Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, FAW, GMC, Daewoo, Holden, Jiefang, Opel, Vauxhall and Wuling. GM s largest national market is China, followed by the United States, Brazil, GermanyRead MoreFord Motor Company Swot1298 Words   |  6 Pages19 June 2011 Ford Motor Company: Over a Decade of Practice Makes Perfect The Ford Company has been a successful American owned auto industry since 1903. With Fords global marketing establishment, their great investments in alternative fuel sources and most importantly its commitment to diversity, community service and environmental responsibility served as a brilliant and strategic move on Ford Motors behalf. In his book The Ford Century, Russ Banham talked of theRead MoreIndian Automobile Industry And Theoretical Background Of The Study1597 Words   |  7 Pagesamongst the most huge developing auto markets on the planet today. Driving Automobile Ltd. Hindustan Motors (HM), which began as a producer of auto segments graduated to fabricate autos in 1949. Because of the License Raj which restricted outside contenders to enter the Indian auto market, Indian streets were ruled by Ambassador Car from Hindustan Motors and the Fiat from Premier Auto Ltd. for a considerable lot of the underlying years. The control constrained on auto producers identified with makingRead MoreGeneral Motors And The U.s. Auto Industry1029 Words   |  5 Pages Five Forces Analysis of General Motors and the U.S. Auto Industry Trinity Washington University Jessica Jackson I realize the responsibility involved in membership in the Trinity community. I agree to abide by the rules and regulations of this community. I also affirm my intentions to live according to the standards of honor, to which lying, stealing, and cheating are opposed. I will help others to maintain this responsibly in all matters essential to the common good of the community.Read MoreVision And Mission Statement : Ford s Vision Statement Essay1732 Words   |  7 PagesA. Vision and Mission Statements Ford’s vision statement is â€Å"We want to change how the world moves. Again.† This statement implies not only physical mobility, but also movement in human progress. When Alan Mullaly became new president and CEO in late 2006, Ford changed its strategy and that is reflected in their mission statement: â€Å"One Team. One Plan. One Goal. One Ford.† Each section of mission statement is further explained as follow: â€Å"One Team: People working together as a lean, global enterpriseRead MoreFord Pinto Fires Case Study and Executive Summary Essay1208 Words   |  5 PagesFord Pinto Fires Case Study and Executive Summary John Bonner, Scotti Greenleaf, Rose Scarbrough MGT216 University of Phoenix October 18, 2010 Sarah Nelson Ford Pinto Fires Case Study and Executive Summary Introduction During the Late 1960’s the Ford Motor Company was one of the leading auto manufactures in the United States. Ford was credited with revolutionizing the muscle car era of the 1950’s and 1960’s. During the mid 1960’s Lee Iacocca helped Ford establish itself in the late 1960’sRead MoreWhat Is The Post War Era Of Cars1319 Words   |  6 Pagesday. The post war era of motor vehicles truly is home to some of the best selling cars and the ones that gave their imprint on society. The cars of the sixties helped provide the foundation for many of their counterparts available today. The styles and trends of the auto in the sixties lasted for most of the time before the mid 80’s. Firstly, â€Å"Because the manufacture of vehicles for the civilian market ceased in 1942 and tires and gasoline were severely rationed, motor vehicle travel fell dramatically

So often, when books or plays get made into movies, the whole story is butchered, and the final outcome is uninteresting Essay Example For Students

So often, when books or plays get made into movies, the whole story is butchered, and the final outcome is uninteresting Essay So often, when books or plays get made into movies, the whole story is butchered, and the final outcome is uninteresting. This is not the case for A Midsummer-Nights Dream. The movie A Midsummer-Nights Dream was extremely well acted out , and had an entertaining plot that kept its viewers intrigued. Its plot was fun and dream-like that kept its viewers entertained. The story line and critical elements were well acted out exciting to follow. Shakespeare created many parallels between this play and that of Hamlet. Overall this was a very good movie, one that I would definitely one that I would tell a friend about. The action in A Midsummer-Nights Dream takes place in mythical Athens. Theseus, the reigning Duke, has conquered the Amazons and has fallen in love with their beautiful queen, Hippolyta. As the play opens, he tells us that their wedding is to take place in five days. At this point, Egeus, a wealthy Athenian, brings his daughter Hermia before the Duke. Having fallen in love with Lysander, a young man of whom her father disapproves, Hermia has refused to marry Demetrius, who is her fathers choice. Demetrius had been in love with Hermias friend, Helena, but had abandoned her for Hermia. The Duke tells Hermia that according to Athenian law, she must marry Demetrius or die. The other alternative is a life of chastity as a virgin priestess. She has until the Dukes wedding day to decide. After the other leave, Hermia and Lysander determine to meet in a wood near the city the following night. Then they plant to leave the city and go tot a place outside of Athenian jurisdiction where they can be married. Helena promises to help the lovers, and they leave. When Demetrius returns, Helena, who is hopelessly in love with him, tries to win his favor by telling him of Hermias plan to elope. She is bitterly disappointed when Demetrius hurries away to stop the elopement, but she follows him. In another part of Athens a group of common men, led by Peter Quince, are preparing a play to be given at the wedding feast of Theseus and Hippolyta. The star of the group, Nick Bottom, struts and boasts of his ability to play any and all the parts and is finally cast as the hero. All the parts are assigned and the rehearsal is set to take place the next night in the wood outside of Athens- the same wood where Hermia and Lysander are to meet. The night in question is Midsummers Eve, a time of great rejoicing and mischief among the fairies who live in the wood. Oberon, their king, and Titania, their Queen, have quarreled over possession of a little boy, the child of one of Titanias priestesses. To resolve the quarrel, humble his proud Queen, and gain the boy for his own group of followers, Oberon enlists the aid of Puck. This clever and mischievous fairy delights in playing tricks on mortals and is  a faithful servant of Oberon. By putting the nectar of a magic flower on the eyes of the sleeping Lysander, Puck causes him to fall in love with Helena and forsake Hermia. Into this confusion come Bottom and his amateur acting troupe. Puck turns Bottoms head into the head of a donkey, frightening off all his friends and leaving the weaver alone. He comes upon Titania, the Queen of the Fairies, and awakens her from her sleep. Her eyes, like those of Lysander, have been anointed with the magic nectar, and she falls in love with the first creature she sees. Her new love is, of course, Bottom- with his donkeys head. After playing tricks on Titania, Bottom, and the two pairs of lovers, Oberon relents and has Puck set things right again. Lysander and Hermia are reunited, and Demetruius, with the aid of the magic juice, rediscovers his love for Helena. Titania and Bottom are released from their enchantments, and she agrees to give Oberon the little boy to Oberon. How To Structure An Inspector Calls EssayI think Hoffman wanted to give the whole movie a dreamy atmosphere. We all know that strange things like reoccurring trees where you would least expect them, and mystical light in the middle of the night, are both things that occur during dreams. So the fact that he put them in the movie adds to the dream effect. Other than that Dequina was very positive towards the movie, and in those attempts of praise, I agree with him. Shakespeare must have been a genius to come up with so many different plays in his lifetime. Yet, there are some parallels between his A Midsummer-Nights Dream and Hamlet. They both contain a sort of unbelievable, yet crucial element in them. In Hamlet, Shakespeare added the part of the dead ghost  to the story line, but without him there really would be no story. It is hard for us to picture dead Hamlet as a ghost, haunting, in some ways, his son. In A Midsummer-Nights Dream, Shakespeare again was testing our imaginations. He presented us with the mythical characters that fell in love because they had magic nectar sprinkled on their eyes. In both books, Shakespeare forces us to go beyond the everyday understandings and search deep into our minds to picture such a story. Both books also have characters that add friction to the overall story, but cant be seen by everyone. In Hamlet, the ghost was only visible to Hamlet and a few of his closest friends, just as Puck was only visible to other fairies. The ghost brought news to his son that eventually cost Hamlet his life. It was that news that made him crazy and put a damper on the last few months of his life. In A Midsummer-Nights Dream, Puck put the magic nectar on Lysanders eyes making him fall in love with Helena. This caused great controversy because he was supposed to marry Hermia. The mischief of Puck resulted in utter perplexity and confusion, just like the ghost brought to Hamlets life. Both plays show the complication of love and how disorderly it can make things. Hamlet was in love with Ophelia, but because he had the sense that he couldnt trust her anymore, they no longer were and item. This resulted in Ophelias madness, and later, her death. Hamlet was just as mad as she was because he missed her and the simplicity he used to know in his life before they broke up. The complete madness that broke out between Lysander, Hermia, Demetrius, and Helena, proves how love only messes everything up. Lysander and Hermia were in love, but because of the magic nectar, Lysandar and Demetrius both fell in love with Helena, leaving Hermia with no one. This was the biggest controversy in the whole play, and again it was because of the complication of love. There are many parallels between these two plays written by Shakespeare. In conclusion, I think that this was an excellent movie that I wouldnt mind seeing again. Its plot was fun to get into because it was a cute, dream-like fairytale that I fully enjoyed. The story line and casting was very well done by Michael Hoffman. Shakespeare provided many parallels between this play and Hamlet. The movie A Midsummer-Nights Dream was extremely well acted out , and had an entertaining plot that kept its viewers intrigued.

Thursday, April 23, 2020

Socialist Market Economy of China Shift toward Capitalism

Introduction China has constantly experienced high growth and development rate that is equivalent to 9.70%. The growth rate materialized since the fiscal 1970 when China instigated to lay emphasis on the open door policies and national reforms.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Socialist Market Economy of China Shift toward Capitalism specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In fact, this growth rate is not an upshot from the Chinese stringent adherence to the socialist principles. Nonetheless, the Chinese possible future comportment and economy maintenance will result from the fact that the state has abandoned the use of Leninism standards. The scenario is mirrored in the progression realized in privatization of state owned corporations and the development of secluded firms. Thus, China is at the juncture where it is hardly regarded as Marxist nation. Conversely, China appears to be in the primary phase of Marxis m as formally referred to by the Chinese government. The economy is actually coming nearer to the primitive stages of capitalism as the creation of both bourgeoisie and proletariat took place at the same period. Consequently, there is no doubt that an advanced platform of capitalism is the aim of China rather than a mature communist stage1. The Chinese government economic development benchmark is strategized based on the overall and moderately prosperous society. The strategy is a scheme for rectifying the inequalities amid the underprivileged and the opulent through income redistribution. Moreover, the scheme presumes the rule of law and democracy rather than the rule of men and autocracy apart from presuming the private ownership and marketplace economy. In general, China might plunge into the ploy of crony capitalism if the government disregards building such organizations. The Chinese confederacy with other states will be a reality in case China moves to an egalitarian political system from the tyranny of one party, the Leninist Party.Advertising Looking for research paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Indeed, it is forecasted that China will continuously attain higher growth rates than other developed nations due to the benefits it exploits by embracing capitalism. With respect to GDP, China will probably supplant the United States of America as the leading global fiscal influence before the FY 2050. It will be a great success for China bearing in mind the resilient probability of future increase in Yuan value against major coinages2. This research paper examines aspects that could make China to be either successful or not in the future as the country shifts from socialism towards capitalism. Why and why not China will be prosperous in the future The economy of China grew quickly from the fiscal 1980s resulting into a standard yearly real Gross Domestic Product growth rate of nearly 10.0%. In fact, the United States is currently the largest world economy though it could be surpassed by the second biggest global economy of China by the financial year 2015 in terms of the PPP (purchasing power parity). Despite these remarkable achievements, in the recent years, China has amassed numerous ecological, social, and economic contradictions that make the modern capitalism model adopted by this nation to be improbable feasible in the subsequent 10 to 15 years or past the medium term. Furthermore, to attain the premeditated financial development rate, the republic of China robustly sells nearly all commodities to the overseas souks, anchors on the abnormally elevated rates of business ventures, and exploits a pool of its economical workforce. Thus, while most world capitalist economies continuously struggle to overcome economic downturn and stagnations, exports from China are likely to realize excellent but slow growth rates in the years to come.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Socialist Market Economy of China Shift toward Capitalism specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More On the other hand, from the annual growth domestic product reported by China, 50.0% accrues from the growth in investments. The portion of principal proceeds plummet as a result of the surplus reserves and this may subvert the monetary scheme of China given that various types of amount overdue including depository mortgages were utilized in financing most of the Chinese business ventures. Perhaps, the most sustainable investment levels could be approximately 30.0% of the total gross domestic product. Nevertheless, in order for the investments to be lowered by nearly 20.0% of the real GDP, there must be an increase in the domestic expenditure by an equivalent amount. Many families rely on salaries as the major income supply. Therefore, for the domestic expenditure to increase by that amount (20.0% ), nearly 15.0%-20.0% of the national income ought to be reallocated to the workforce from the capitalists3. From this, it is apparent that the republic of China could encounter the capitalists’ group strong resistance. Amongst the societies of China, various collective advocates as well as scholars have consistently argued that the republic of China should reorganize the market-founded financial restructuring. For instance, the control of the communal manufacturing modes must be revitalized whereas the assets and revenues ought to be reallocated to the underprivileged from the affluent so that collective permanence could be improved. The ‘new left’ refers to such activists and scholars.Advertising Looking for research paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Most of these groups dubbed ‘the Maoists’ offer considerate perception regarding the Marxist history of the Chinese Maoist. The Maoist societal foundation in the year 2000 was restricted to the elderly national sector employees that were compelled to suffer in the 1990s privatization. The mounting social and economic inequalities in the past years show that the Maoist got support from the new working class and urban middle class stemming in China4. Bo Xilai endeavored to moderate the communal restructuring program and this was partially supported by the Maoism mounting pressure. Actually, Bo Xilai concentrated on the promotion of the private and state owned enterprises concurrent developments, increased the level of public housing investments, and eradicated the local capitalists’ linkages with organized crimes instead of encouraging the outright privatization embraced by most Chinese. Thus, there is much political significance attached to current Bo Xilaiâ€℠¢s purge. The purge implies that the Marxist party was dedicated towards pushing on with the liberated souk-oriented fiscal restructuring devoid of the critical societal developments. In the short run, the path could be beneficial to the Chinese capitalists. However, the course could apparently step up the numerous contradictions faced by China and probably set up an environment that encourages the overall societal outburst in the budding future. Past experiences from Poland, South Korea, and Brazil suggest that when there is an increment of over 70.0% of the entire workforce working in the nation’s non-agricultural sector, then the lower class could possibly materialize as the most influential social and political force. Hence, these classes will demand for the political democracy, social welfare, as well as higher wage rates. From the current statistics, the non-agricultural employees found in China now make up nearly 60.0% of the entire workforce while the yearly growth ra te share is approximately 1.0%. When it continues at the current rate, then the workforce shares in the non-agricultural sector may surpass the decisive 70.0% threshold by the financial year 2020. In case the existing capitalists systems embraced by China become unsuccessful in accommodating the demands placed by China workforces by 2020, the probability of political and economic crisis could be possible5. The development of the Chinese capitalism occurred at the expense of immense ecological degradation. In fact, based on report filed by the living planet, the environmental track in China materializes to be above two times the bio-capacity owned by China. This implies that, compared to other capitalist states, China hosts most of the globally contaminated metropolis while nearly 40.0% of the lands within the Chinese territories are currently degraded. Besides, the Water Resources Group reported that China was in the verge of facing water deficits amounting to 25.0% of the estimated water requirements in China by fiscal 2030. Therefore, within the subsequent two decades or even one decade, the environmental, social, as well as the economic catastrophes would probably merge in China causing the existing capitalist model to collapse. The manner in which the state will resolve such catastrophes will immensely influence the whole world, not mere influencing the future of China as a state6. Chinese shift to capitalism from socialism China is pushing forward with capitalism whereas it has temporarily upheld its cover in socialism. It is subsequent to the proposed efforts towards modernization that China introduced the open-door procedures and reforms during the Third Plenary Conference, which occurred in the fiscal 1978. The realities in an economy have wafted progressively outside the authentic ideologies of socialism. Further, the secluded corporations have presupposed the leading role in economy in preference to the state owned enterprises to foster future succes s in China. Fresh elucidations have been fashioned to vindicate a solitary party rule of the Communist Party in order to match the situations of economic epochs. Thus, China is in the initial stages of capitalism that will ensure victory according to the verdicts of proletariat and bourgeoisie. The whither social democracy The old-style socialism is established on public ownership centered on state owned enterprises, resource allocation built on planning, and income distribution. Success is paramount in the prospective China as this runs counter to capitalism features. The characteristics of capitalism in China are eminent and are based on private ownership, resource allocation derived from the principles of marketplace, as well as income distribution centered on the production factors. The conduit of regular switching and reforming one at a time the three pillars of communism with those of capitalism will help China achieve its economic success in future. The Chinese government has re-distributed proceeds and authority through the execution of reforms to lower level corporations and administrations. As a result, China currently centers on denationalization by way of ownership reforms and gets on board to introduce the mechanism of the flea market to improve the national economy. The initial reform was the steady desertion of income distribution amongst labor between the fiscal 1978 and 1992, which has kept on boosting the economy of China. In the sector for agriculture, schemes centered on domestic units were introduced while the collective plights of individuals split up. In the meantime, the Chinese ruling classes embarked on disregarding the quest for proceeds in the business border. In reality, all units found in the financial system started pursuing earnings and in turn rejuvenated the market of china. The marketplace forces and the leading Chinese economy performers were the economic planning and state owned enterprises. However, the state owned financi al institutions non-performing loans difficulties to the Chinese corporations were deteriorating7. The economies thus chipped in to acquire slow but sure a boost from such a situation. Chinese change from Leninism to capitalism has enabled the nation to be made up of various classes. These classes are based on the ownership status of the cultural, economic, and political resources that relatively play part in the growth of the economy of China. To be precise, the Chinese society comprises of five social rankings and ten social levels in the economy making. The social layers are classified such that 3.10% are partly or unemployed individuals, 44.0% farmers, 22.60% industrial employees,12.0% tertiary diligence workers, and 4.20% industrial personnel. Furthermore, the set-up has 4.80% clericals, 5.10% are technical experts, 0.60% secluded entrepreneurs, 1.50% medium, and high corporate managers, and 2.10% encompass community and government frontrunners. Conversely, top, medium top, med ium middle, medium lower and bottom layers refer to the Chinese social ranking. For this reason, there is an anticipated growth of economy. Equally, the medium lower strata social ranking of farmers and industrial workforces fall under that of corporate managers and secluded entrepreneurs8. The East Asian states and Soviet Union have totally denied the conservative ideology of Marxism. Nonetheless, China will still grow economically over the coming years since it has not entirely repudiated its traditional Marxist principles. In fact, China reviews this ideology bit by bit since the commencement of the year 1980 given that it is an ideal scheme for the distant future. Successful economy is evident in future as the primitive stage of capitalism is supposed to last for no less than one century. China had to alter their philosophy to that levitating productivity to a high level when introducing open-door policies and reforms. Hence, it enabled the state to seek the worth of being at an advanced stage of Marxism as opposed to how it was in the earlier decades. The basic idea augments productivity by dint of instituting capitalist elements. Hence, China allows for private ownership through the introduction of collectivist market economy to maintain the future development of the economy. The evasion of the course to buddy capitalism The other reform that will enable China to become successful economically in future is the evasion of conduit to crony capitalism. The hotbed for dishonesty was shaped through the government’s superfluous participation in business transactions and the distribution of economic resources. This would change the future economic status since the control of resources will be contrary to how it appeared during the epoch of planned financial system. Thus, the political reforms in the Chinese government will see the economy of China being impressive in the near future. While in the way to an advanced system of capitalism, China is moving t owards economic triumph9. In order to rectify the gaps amid the affluent and the underprivileged, the established type of entrepreneurship does not just assume the organizational provisions, but similarly the classified rights as well as the souk financial system. These reforms along with democracy and the rule of law aim at redistributing economic resources. China proceeds towards the advanced form of capitalism Based on study reports, while trying to overcome the tribulations conveyed by the misguided equality during the period of planned economy, China employs a moderately general successful society that stresses justice. Indeed, the collective equal allocation of assets has enabled the Chinese standards of living to keep on improving. However, success may be deterred by the widened gap between the deprived and the affluent, the alignment of conflict amongst east and west, as well as amid metropolises and rustic regions. The appropriate growth and social stability of China might be endangered by the augmenting injustice observed in the social order. Therefore, China has presented a policy targeting an overall moderately prosperous society to ensure future sustainable development and economic stability10. The other main purpose of the overall moderate prosperity objective was to speed up the growth of rural, western, and middle zones through creating harmonious society. Consequently, a scientific insight of development guideline to develop the whole Chinese society in a balanced and sustainable manner with citizen’s desires was initiated. To make future economic growth certain, Chinese government has placed this guideline into five concords. These encompassed harmonies in development between open-door policy and the domestic growth as well as improvement in harmony amid nature and the individuals. Besides, China initiated harmony in the development concerning the society and economy, harmony in regional improvement, and the development in harmony stuc k between rustic expanses and conurbations. Projections suggest that this scenario will help China develop more and more over a long period to come. On the other hand, the inevitable political reforms have surfaced in China to steer the nation towards an advanced form of capitalism. The degree of separation of economics and politics including free economy and political autocracy is coming to its bounds. The conservative socialist ideology encouraging class struggle has lost its petition. The appeal is lost in regard to the societal interests and diversifying principles with the Chinese evolving financial system. Hence, the marketplace and economic growth is transforming the Chinese society into a contemporary industrial status a part from raising living standards. The Chinese citizens have shifted their values and demands from the participation that is more political to their changing lifestyles. As a result, they form diverse interest factions that increase growth in the economy of the nation. Generally, China keeps on developing economically over time because Leninist Party cannot cling on to control devoid of the backing from the escalating social forces of capitalists that has fully-fledged. Future success In the opening half of the twenty first century, rather than attaining advanced socialism stage, China continued to evolve towards attaining mature capitalism. Based on these procedures, the Chinese chronological actions are still anticipated to take place sequentially by the end of the fiscal 2050. First, China is set to surpass the United States to emerge the global biggest economic influence with respect to the gross domestic product. Second, the Leninist party autocracy eminent under the one-party system ended paving way for capitalism. Third, the mainland was to be peacefully unified with Taiwan. China is set to surpass the United States to emerge the global biggest economic influence China is set to unite with Taiwan after the state democratized it s administration. In fact, this could be the last decisive moment for China as the country gears towards succeeding the United States with respect to GDP. However, the timing of this action rely mostly on the fluctuations of the Yuan rate measured against the US dollar and the prospective real growth rates variations amid the two states. The GDP for China in the financial year 2004 was just 1.93 trillion dollars. This value was equal to the United States 16.40% of the total eleven point seven four trillion dollars level. In case, the yearly development rates were 3.0% and 7.0% for the USA and China respectively, the magnitude of these states’ economies can hardly be overturned until the fiscal 205211. However, it is likely that that the China Yuan could considerably appreciate against the United States of America dollar before the projected time elapses. The mainland to be peacefully unified with Taiwan Capitalism in China could be viable depending on the mode used to unite T aiwan and China. Basically, the matter includes whether the strategy to be used hardly incorporates or incorporates the armed forces. Provided the communist rule ends while the mainland emerges to be additionally powerful, then the passive merger could emerge as veracity. To be successful, the country’s (China) communist party targets three key aims. For instance, to unite with Taiwan, maintain elevated economic development rate, as well as the one party dictatorship, yet such aims could hardly be realized concurrently. That is, each aim ought to be forfeited to realize the remaining aims. The prospective cross strait correlations may pursue a single scenario from the available scenarios namely, the peaceful union, unification via the armed force, and abandoning the merger to maintain the status quo. Out of the possible scenarios, China could pursue the peaceful merger and this will enhance capitalism. The Chinese financial systems In the fiscal 2013, there are various powerf ul and resourceful institutions in China including the regulatory commission and the central bank. China thus has powers to ensure that regional states banks with negative influences are exempted. Furthermore, China effectively attended to the political loans subject that blew up in the financial years 1980s and 1990s. The institutions acted in double ways in the fiscal 2003 and 1998 whereby it created bad banks and recapitalized other financial institutions or banks. From this time, the regulatory commission (CBRC) assumed the challenging sensible capitalization principles (Basel III) whereas various states such as the USA declined to implement them. Moreover, the financial systems enable the family units to have privileges to acquire loans based on strict rules, which make considerable individual down payments12. Thus, no credits were offered to the households that wanted to obtain successive acquisitions. China prohibits households from acquiring more than three assets. This allo ws the country of China to stabilize prices of properties situated in bigger metropolis. However, the energy, country land, capital, and the labor force prices ought to be liberalized while the capital markets should be utterly changed. Most countries from the west lack the means of acting in support of the market efficiency dogmas. In fact, the government of China managed to retain the long-standing strategic visions via controlling the monetary and financial policies, as well as economic planning13. Conclusion The type of impacts imposed by the recent transformations in the Chinese political regimes alongside the recent economic development should hardly be overlooked. In fact, up to the fiscal 2020, the number of employed Chinese will continue to be high despite the presence of young individuals aged from fifteen to twenty-four years. Despite attaining the Lewis turning point, the decline in the employees’ influence could be ongoing and will instigate from the highest leve l possible. Besides, China seems to have various reformation leeways for reacting willingly. From the economic growth rate perspective, China is set to surpass the United States. However, the level of inequalities coupled with the mounting level of impunities and environmental degradation make China to appear ill prepared for capitalism. It is worth noting that China could be triumphant in the future. Bibliography Coase, Ronald and Wang, Ning. How China Became Capitalist. London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012. Das, Mitali and N’Diaye, Papa. Chronicle of a Decline Foretold: Has China Reached the Lewis Turning Point? IMF Working Paper, 2013. Hung, Ho-fung. China and the Transformation of Global Capitalism. Baltimore, Maryland: JHU Press, 2009. Hutton, Will. The Writing on the Wall: China and the West in the 21st Century. New York City, NY: Little, Brown Book Group Publishers, 2008. Li, Minqi. The Rise of China and the Demise of the Capitalist World Economy. New York, NY: Monthly Review Press, 2009. Redding, Gordon and Witt, Michael. The Future of Chinese Capitalism: Choices and Chances. London, UK: Oxford University Press, 2007. Redding, Gordon. The Spirit of Chinese Capitalism. Berlin, Germany. Walter de Gruyter, 1993. Tselichtchev, Ivan. China versus the West: The Global Power Shift of the 21st Century. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley Sons, 2011. Walter, Carl and Howie, Fraser. Red Capitalism: The Fragile Financial Foundation of China’s Extraordinary Rise. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley Sons, 2012. Yeung, Henry. Chinese Capitalism in a Global Era: Towards a Hybrid Capitalism. London, UK: Routledge, 2003. Footnotes 1 Walter, Carl and Howie, Fraser. Red Capitalism: The Fragile Financial Foundation of China’s Extraordinary Rise (Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley Sons), 2012. 2 Redding, Gordon and Witt, Michael. The Future of Chinese Capitalism: Choices and Chances (London, UK: Oxford University Press), 2007. 3 Redding, Gordon. The Spirit of Chinese Capitalism (Berlin, Germany. Walter de Gruyter), 1993. 4 Li, Minqi. The Rise of China and the Demise of the Capitalist World Economy (New York, NY: Monthly Review Press), 2009. 5 Tselichtchev, Ivan. China versus the West: The Global Power Shift of the 21st Century (Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley Sons), 2011. 6 Hung, Ho-fung. China and the Transformation of Global Capitalism (Baltimore, Maryland: JHU Press), 2009. 7 Hung, Ho-fung. China and the Transformation of Global Capitalism (Baltimore, Maryland: JHU Press), 2009. 8 Redding, Gordon and Witt, Michael. The Future of Chinese Capitalism: Choices and Chances (London, UK: Oxford University Press), 2007. 9 Hutton, Will. The Writing on the Wall: China and the West in the 21st Century (New York City, NY: Little, Brown Book Group Publishers), 2008. 10 Yeung, Henry. Chinese Capitalism in a Global Era: Towards a Hybrid Capitalism (London, UK: Routledge), 2003. 11 Coase, Ronald and Wang, Ning. How China Became Capitalist (London, U K: Palgrave Macmillan), 2012. 12 Coase, Ronald and Wang, Ning. How China Became Capitalist (London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan), 2012 13 Das, Mitali and N’Diaye, Papa. Chronicle of a Decline Foretold: Has China Reached the Lewis Turning Point? IMF Working Paper, 2013. 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Tuesday, March 17, 2020

Free Essays on Friendship †The Sail That Keeps You Going

â€Å"If you’ll do that†¦.I’ll do that†. Friendship is the most wonderful relationship that anyone can have. Ideally friend is a person who offers love and respect and doesn’t expect awards for it. To have friendship is to have comfort. For instance we will look at some pieces of literature that are about friendship. â€Å"Driving Miss Daisy†, â€Å"Oath of Friendship† and â€Å"Bridge Over Troubled Water†. â€Å"Driving Miss Daisy† is a play from the late era of Ku-Klux-Klan, when the discrimination against Jews and Blacks has shoved up its tasks. But as the peace’s dove fly through the dark skies so the friendship has fly thru hates and fleers till it get to our characters that we are going to look at. They are Hoke and Miss Daisy. Miss Daisy who is a retired teacher is 72+ years old and her ability to drive it’s kind of gone. So when she accidentally drives into the neighbors courtyard her son is constrained to hire a chauffeur for her. When a friendship it’s starting it is not needed from all to agree to become friends. But an other part can be gained by how one of them acts. For example Hoke is not obsequious. He is very wise. His strategy is to express verbal agreement in such a way that actual agreement is witheld. If Miss Daisy does not want to be driven to the Piggy Wiggly market, well then Hoke will fallow her in the car. After a while Miss Daisy a grees to be driven and eventually, she and Hoke begin to learn about one another. Neither one is quick to reveal emotion, and for a successful friendship is needed that both has to give up a little from them. But giving up has never been an option for Miss Daisy. When she goes to listen to a speech by Martin Luther King, for example, she has Hoke drive her; but although she has an extra ticket, i... Free Essays on Friendship – The Sail That Keeps You Going Free Essays on Friendship – The Sail That Keeps You Going Friendship – it’s only a word but how much does it means. Friendship as the marriage has to be unconditional. Unconditional means without conditions. Without those extra words â€Å"If you’ll do that†¦.I’ll do that†. Friendship is the most wonderful relationship that anyone can have. Ideally friend is a person who offers love and respect and doesn’t expect awards for it. To have friendship is to have comfort. For instance we will look at some pieces of literature that are about friendship. â€Å"Driving Miss Daisy†, â€Å"Oath of Friendship† and â€Å"Bridge Over Troubled Water†. â€Å"Driving Miss Daisy† is a play from the late era of Ku-Klux-Klan, when the discrimination against Jews and Blacks has shoved up its tasks. But as the peace’s dove fly through the dark skies so the friendship has fly thru hates and fleers till it get to our characters that we are going to look at. They are Hoke and Miss Daisy. Miss Daisy who is a retired teacher is 72+ years old and her ability to drive it’s kind of gone. So when she accidentally drives into the neighbors courtyard her son is constrained to hire a chauffeur for her. When a friendship it’s starting it is not needed from all to agree to become friends. But an other part can be gained by how one of them acts. For example Hoke is not obsequious. He is very wise. His strategy is to express verbal agreement in such a way that actual agreement is witheld. If Miss Daisy does not want to be driven to the Piggy Wiggly market, well then Hoke will fallow her in the car. After a while Miss Daisy a grees to be driven and eventually, she and Hoke begin to learn about one another. Neither one is quick to reveal emotion, and for a successful friendship is needed that both has to give up a little from them. But giving up has never been an option for Miss Daisy. When she goes to listen to a speech by Martin Luther King, for example, she has Hoke drive her; but although she has an extra ticket, i...

Saturday, February 29, 2020

A Review of the Movies City of God, Gueros and Wadjda

A Review of the Movies City of God, Gueros and Wadjda City of God, Geros, and Wadjda can be described as the movies of the season. The videos present real-life situations, capturing the attention of their audience and changing their view of the societal norms and practices. Although the movies were written and produced by different people, they nevertheless contain individual physical, social, and cultural aspects that may or may not be the same. In each movie, there is a main character whose decisions and actions are influenced by the environment, societal and cultural beliefs. Therefore, the purpose of the paper is to describe the similarities and differences in the physical, social, and cultural factors in the films that influence the decisions of the main characters. Physical Differences In Wadjda, the leading actor is Wadjda, rebellious young lady who has her beliefs on how the universe should run. She is affected by three physical factors. First is her desire of own a bicycle. Her environment does not accept a woman to ride a bike. However, as a child, Wadjda has always wanted to ride one. She has seen a beautiful bike a nearby shop and intended to buy it. Her desire causes her to join the school music festival hoping she would win and get the money she needs to by the bicycle. This is a secret she keeps to herself. Secondly, Wadjda is influenced by the school, where she meets people from different backgrounds with different beliefs. She learns about freedom, and she wants to extend the same in her surrounding. Finally, Wadjda does not like the dressing code. Women in her society have to cover their faces and hair. Wadjda, however, does the opposite and leaves her face and hair exposed. In the City of God, the main character, Alexandre Rodrigues, or Rocket, is influenced by two factors. First, he does not like the dirty city. Rocket was born and raised in the slum. All his life he has witnessed the unhygienic state of his home. When he becomes of age, he decides to join the gang and move out of the dirty slum life. Again, his decisions are affected by the people around him. While growing up, the only ones around him were criminals who were part of gangs. He grows up knowing that there is the only way to go. He later joins a band although he was not good at it. Finally, the main character in Geros is influenced by the desire to do things his way for a better life. For instance, when he goes to visit his college brother in New York and finds them living in a small, filthy room with no power, he wonders why they have not yet stricken. According to him, the strike would be the only way to push the administration to ensure students welfare is attended to properly. Social Differences Although the society prevents girls from befriending boys, Wadjda respects and values friendship and has no problem befriending the boy next door. She believes people from both sexes should be allowed to be friends. Additionally, she listens and watches western music that gives her more exposure to the world, and she learns it is not bad to own a bicycle. Violence and gangster life influence Rocket, on the other hand. In his society, being part of a gang is the only means of livelihood available. One has to join a group to earn income for the family. This forced Rocket to be part of a gang although he did not like it. Finally, Geros is affected by poverty and his will for freedom. He opposes everything that reduces human dignity. He also makes quick and irrational decisions some of which land him in trouble. His mother sends him to New York after she could not tolerate him anymore. There, he mobilized students, and they engage in a strike demanding for better housing conditions. Cultural Differences Wadjda does not like her cultural beliefs. The fact that women have not say in the society annoys her. Her teacher claims she a stubborn girl because she opposes some things she does not like. She also forced to watch her mother suffer in her fathers hands. The girls religion also demands that women should not walk without guardians even when they are married. Wadjda opposes this walking alone admiring the city. Rocket, however, is influenced by the slum life his surrounding is living in. Their culture is that of poverty, and people are forced into criminal acts to make ends meet. Rocket has no choice but to follow suit. He, however, moves out of the slum and finds a good place to stay. Lastly, Geros is influenced by political radicalism and the need for social change. He seems to oppose the authority and demands them to perform their duties. Even his mother gets tired of him and sends him to New York. In New York, he becomes one of the ring leaders organizing strikes and demonstrations. Physical, Social, and Cultural Similarities Physically, all the movies are set in the modern society. Wadjda can access and watch videos. She has also seen and liked a bicycle and intends to buy it. In the same way, Rocket is born and raised in a slum. Slums are familiar in the main cities where people in the lowest social class live. They are usually dirty, and gangsters are very many. Geros is also exposed to the town of New York, which is one of the largest cities in the United States. Together with other youths, they engage in strikes to improve the condition of people living in the city. Socially, freedom fights and violence are common in all the three movies. Wadjda wants to buy the bicycle because it represents her freedom. Rocket joins gang life as he wants a better life that enables him to move out of the dirty life. Geros also engages people in strikes in the quest for freedom and better living conditions. Finally, poverty is a cultural phenomenon that drives all the main characters in the films. Wadjda cannot afford the bicycle; and thus, she is forced to join the music competition. Rocket is a gang because his family is poor. They are also living in a slum. Geros and his brother are also poor. They live in a dirty little room without electricity. In conclusion, the three movies are the true presentation of the modern societies and the challenges that people experience in their daily lives. They give pictures of how people are forced to make hard decisions as they attempt to make their lives better and easy.

Thursday, February 13, 2020

An Anthropological Perspective ofa Buddhist Ceremony Essay

An Anthropological Perspective ofa Buddhist Ceremony - Essay Example Buddhism has been in existence for many years now and approximately 2500 years ago, Siddhartha Gautama, referred to as Buddha, was on his own awakened (enlightened) at the age of 35 (Bechert, & Richard Gombrich 1984). Buddhism goes further than religion or ritual and is significantly related to a philosophy or a way of life. The reason why Buddhism is seen as a philosophy is due to the fact that philosophy stands for love of wisdom and the Buddhist course can be summarized as a religion that fosters moral lifestyle, is mindful and aware of thoughts and actions and helps in developing wisdom and understanding (Bechert, et al.,1984). Buddhism illustrates a value of life, goals and objectives as it explains evident unfairness and inequality in all parts of the world and it offers a code of customs, way of life or actions that bring about proper happiness (Ajahn 2010). In the present day, Buddhism is becoming accepted for a wide range of reasons. This is due to the fact that Buddhism is said to provide solutions to a number of problems in the contemporary material world. Buddhism also encompass the people who are concerned with profound understanding of the cognitive world the human beings and the natural therapies that that expert psychologists in all spheres of the world are finding out to be equally very sophisticated and helpful (Davidson 2003). Siddhartha Gautama was born in a noble family in Lumbini, found in Nepal in 563 BC. At the age of 29 Gautama discovered that riches and lavishness did not ascertain happiness, therefore he discovered the diverse teachings of religions and philosophy with the intention of finding the explanation to human happiness (Donath 1971). 6 years after study and meditation, he in the end established â€Å"the middle path’ and was enlightened. Subsequent to becoming enlightened, Buddha used most of his time imparting knowledge, values and principles of Buddhism referred to Dhamma, or truth, until his passing away at the age of 80 (Dzongsar 2011). Gautama was never a God and he never claimed to be one. He was a man who focused in teaching a course to enlightenment from his own experiences. Buddhists at times pay tribute to images of the Buddha, however not in worship not to solicit favors (Gethin 1998). A statue Buddha with hands rested lightly in his lap and a gentle smile is reminiscent of the need to working hard to create peace and love in ourselves. Bending over ritual to the statue in the Buddhism ceremony is a gesture of appreciation for the teachings. Above all, one major lesson in the ceremony of Buddha is the riches do not guarantee happiness and as well riches are not permanent. Today, it is evident that many people from different parts of the world suffer however those who fully understand the teaching of Buddha can find true happiness (Goldstein 2002). There are varying kinds of Buddhism for the reason that the focus alternates from nation to nation on account of traditions and way of life . In actual fact, the real meaning of the teaching does not vary at all despite in the Dhamma or the truth (Goldstein, et al., 2002). Buddhism is as well a belief system that tolerates other beliefs, myths, taboos or religions. Buddhism is in agreement with the moral values of other religions. However, Buddhism goes ahead to provide a long lasting objective in our existence based on wisdom and true understanding (Bechert, et al., 1984). Actual Buddhism is significantly forbearing and not worried with labels like Christian, Muslim or Hindu. This is in fact the main reason why there have never been any conflicts based on the name of Buddhism. This is because Buddhists do not preach and attempt to convert, only illustrate in case a